Hyperpigmentation appears as darker brown or tan spots or patches caused by excess pigment production called melanin. UV exposure, medications, hormonal changes, trauma and medical conditions can contribute to hyperpigmentation. Examples of hyperpigmentation include freckles, sun spots, liver spots, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and melasma.
Melasma is a common skin condition, also known as a ‘pregnancy mask’, in which various patterns of pigmentation develop on the face. Several factors such as hormonal fluctuations, medications and UV exposure can stimulate Melasma. Pigmentation can wax and wane.
Treatment depends on the type of pigmentation present.